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International Artemia Aquaculture Consortium

Conservation, management and sustainable utilisation of Artemia biodiversity


Content relating to commercial farming and cultivation of Artemia.

Copyright, all rights reserved.

In this collection

Manual on Artemia production and use

This FAO publication on brine shrimp is a manual for all those who are using Artemia or have an interest in this organism, whether as a source of live food in the hatchery, as a model organism in research, or for other purpose. It is intended for those who wish to update their knowledge on its biology, production or its use, but also for those who want to learn about Artemia for the first time. This manual presents in a concise form essential information on Artemia biology and the most important natural cyst resources that find their way to the aquaculture market. It also provides detailed information on general principles and practical procedures to produce Artemia in ponds and in tank systems. Finally, the manual offers a compilation of state-of-the-art guidelines and methodologies related to the use of this crucial live food organism in aquaculture.

larvi 2024: Final announcement + first IAAC conference!

The 8th fish and shellfish larviculture symposium (larvi '24) will be held in Ghent University, Belgium, from 9-12 September 2024. Capitalising on the previous “larvi” symposia (in ’91, ’95, ’01, ’05, ’09, ’13, ‘17), the Aquaculture R&D Consortium of Ghent University, the Norwegian University of Science and Technology and SINTEF Ocean have joined again in the organizing committee for “larvi’24” and are inviting the academic as well as the private sector to attend the 8th Fish and Shellfish Larviculture Symposium. Bringing together European and non-European stakeholders, once again the latest progress in academic research and in the production sector will be reviewed, problems identified and avenues for future collaboration explored. Please download the 2nd announcement and programme for further information.

The first International Artemia Aquaculture Consortium conference will also be held in conjuction with larvi '24, on 9 September. See you there!

Special session on Artemia and Live Food, 17 April

A Special Session on Artemia and Live Food will be held online 17 April at the International Conference on Innovative Aquaculture. The session will be held from 10:00-11:30 IRI time (GMT +3:30). The speakers are:

  • Introduction to the International Artemia Aquaculture Consortium
    Simon Wilkinson
  • Recent Advancements in Artemia Pond Cutlure in Vietnam
    Prof. Nguyen Van Hoa
  • Applications of Enriched Live Food in Fish and Shellfish Larviculture.
    Prof. Naser Agh
  • Open discussion

Proceedings of the first and second brine shrimp symposiums available for download

The technical proceedings of two historical brine shrimp symposiums (Corpus Christi USA, 1979 and Antwerp Belgium, 1987) have been digitised by the Flanders Marine Institute, and are available for free download. The proceedings are:

1. The brine shrimp Artemia: Proceedings of the International Symposium on the brine shrimp Artemia salina, Corpus Christi, Texas, USA, August 20-23, 1979, and 2. Artemia research and its applications: Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on the brine shrimp Artemia, Antwerp, Belgium, 1987.

The first Training Course on Sustainable Development and Utilisation of Artemia Resources successfully held by ARARC, China

From 11-13 July 2023, the first "Sustainable Development and Utilisation of Artemia Resources" training course was successfully held in Tianjin, China. The training course was organised by the Asian Regional Artemia Reference Center (ARARC), with the support of the Artemia Association of the China Aquatic Products Processing and Marketing Alliance.

The course contains theoretical, practical, and operational training on Artemia cyst processing and quality control, effective utilisation of Artemia as live food in hatcheries, and Artemia pond culture techniques, aiming to promote the sustainable exploration of Artemia resources and their application in larviculture. Nearly one hundred trainees from over thirty enterprises, institutes, and universities across the country participated in the training. The comprehensive coverage of the training course was well recognised by the trainees.

Larvi 2024 and first International Artemia Aquaculture Consortium conference

The first conference of the International Artemia Aquaculture Consortium will be organized on September 9, 2024 in Ostend, Belgium. The 8th International Fish & Shellfish Larviculture Symposium - Larvi ’24 - will be organised at the same venue in Ostend from 9-12 September 2024.

A more detailed first announcement with call for presentations will be mailed in the first week of October 2023. A preliminary website has been opened where you can register your interest to participate in this event.

Seminar on Artemia Research and Production: Exploring Translational Advancements, Global Perspectives, and Shared Benefits, Malaysia

The seminar was held on 28 July 2023 in Putrajaya, Malaysia, in conjunction with the first meeting of the International Artemia Aquaculture Consortium Steering Committee. Video recordings of the technical presentations are available in this collection.

NACA's role with the International Artemia Aquaculture Consortium

Presentation by Simon Wilkinson, Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific, at the Seminar on Artemia Research and Production, 28 July 2023, Putrajaya, Malaysia.

Brine shrimp Artemia culture and research in Malaysia

Presentation by Prof. Yeong Yik Sung, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, at the Seminar on Artemia Research and Production, 28 July 2023, Putrajaya, Malaysia.

Production and use of Artemia in Iran

Presentation by Prof. Naser Agh, Artemia and Aquaculture Research Institute, Urmia University, at the Seminar on Artemia Research and Production, 28 July 2023, Putrajaya, Malaysia.

UGent Laboratory of Aquaculture and Artemia Reference Center

Presentation by Prof. Annelies Declercq, Laboratory of Aquaculture & Artemia Reference Centre, Ghent University, at the Seminar on Artemia Research and Production, 28 July 2023, Putrajaya, Malaysia.

Artemia pond production: Pros and cons

Presentation by Prof. Nguyen Van Hoa, Can Tho University Vietnam, at the Seminar on Artemia Research and Production, 28 July 2023, Putrajaya, Malaysia.

Feeding 9 billion by 2050: Embracing Artemia in nourishing a growing world

Presentation by Dr Parisa Norouzitallab and Prof. Kartik Baruah, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, at the Seminar on Artemia Research and Production, 28 July 2023, Putrajaya, Malaysia.

Brine shrimp aquaculture in Bangladesh and Thailand

The June 2023 issue of World Aquaculture Magazine carries two interesting articles on Artemia for free online viewing:

Handbook for Artemia pond culture in Bangladesh

Brine shrimp Artemia nauplii constitute the most widely used live-food item for the larviculture of crustaceans and fish. The unique property of Artemia is its ability to to form dormant embryos or 'cysts'. The cysts are available year-round in large quantities along the shorelines of hypersaline lakes, coastal lagoons and solar salt works.

The aim of this manual is to provide technological guidelines to extension agents, researchers, and salt farmers on Artemia production in salt farms in Cox’s Bazar. The manual was prepared through review recent of activities in Artemia production, the 1996 FAO Manual on the production and use of live food for aquaculture, the 2019 book “ Principle of Artemia culture in solar salt works”, relevant books and published research papers. The manual covers Artemia biology and ecology, standard methods for incubation and stocking, pond management, feeding, health, harvesting and more.